Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was a German philosopher. He was a brother to theologian Siegmund Jakob Baumgarten. For scholars of Kant, the German Enlightenment and the history of metaphysics, Alexander Baumgarten’s Metaphysics is an essential.

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Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten | German philosopher |

Baumgarten was born in Berlin as baumgargen fifth of seven sons of the pietist pastor of the garrisonJacob Baumgarten, and of his wife Rosina Elisabeth. Baumgarten was a pupil of Christian Wolff, the Rationalist philosopher mettaphysica had created theā€¦. By trying to develop an idea of good and bad taste, he also in turn generated philosophical debate around this new meaning of aesthetics.

Its structure is a major catalyst for the form and content of much of even Kant’s critical work, and especially of its metaphysics. Index Outline Category Portal.

If you prefer to suggest your baumgarrten revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. For instance, two poems might both attempt to convey some simple message e.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten. Both his parents died early, metaphyaica he was taught by Martin Georg Christgau where he learned Hebrew and became interested in Latin poetry. At the bottom of the article, feel free jetaphysica list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.

By order of the king, he moved to Frankfurt on the Order inwhere he remained until his death in He was educated at an orphanage at Halle, which had been founded and run by August Hermann Francke and which was wholeheartedly devoted to the Pietist movement and had become one of its central institutions.



Yet that endeavor is futile. With the development of art as a commercial enterprise linked to the rise of a nouveau riche class across Europe, the purchasing of art inevitably led to the question, “what is good art? This volume offers the first full translation of Baumgarten’s Metaphysics in its fourth, edition in Metaphsica, inclusive of Kant’s hand-written elucidations.

The problems of aesthetics had been treated by others before Baumgarten, but he both advanced the discussion of such topics as art and beauty and set the discipline off from the rest of philosophy. Internet Explorer 9, 10 and 11; Chrome latest version, as it auto updates ; Firefox latest version, as it auto updates ; and Safari latest version, as it auto updates.

Notes on this Translation. Thank You for Your Contribution!

Together with a historical and philosophical introduction, extensive glossaries and notes, the text is supported by translations of Kant’s elucidations metpahysica notes, Eberhard’s insertions in the German edition and texts from the writings of Meier and Wolff. Kant used it repeatedly in many of his courses and annotated it extensively.

Baumgarten identified himself as a Wolffian, and much of his work amounts to alternative presentations of Wolff’s philosophy. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. Cosmology Prologomena Chapter I. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation.

The current state of debate makes this a timely contribution that will help anyone interested in Kant to gauge in a more accurate and historically informed fashion the extent of his relation to his eighteenth-century German predecessors.

This meant that the process of philosophy, in a sense, was in opposition to sensation and perception such a view contrasts sharply with the metaphilosophical views of such empiricists as Locke and Hume.

The aesthetic experience In aesthetics: Views Read Edit View history. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.


The text also includes all of Kant’s elucidations found in his copy of the Metaphysicaand reproduces 3 sets of facing pages with notes in his own hand.

Truth is the perfect perceived by reason. Without it, there would be no basis for aesthetic debate as there would be no objective criterion, basis for comparison, or reason from which one could develop an objective argument. Now available for the first time in English, this critical translation of Metaphysica draws from the original seven Latin editions, the Academy edition of Kant, and Georg Friedrich Meier’s 18th-century German translation.

To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. InLeo Tolstoyin his What is Art?

Introduction to the Translation Introduction 1. Thank you for your feedback. Because of this it is advisable to follow either of two alternatives. InKant declared that Baumgarten’s aesthetics could never contain objective rules, laws, or principles of natural or artistic beauty.

Not merely the textbook for Immanuel Kant’s lectures on metaphysics and anthropology, it fundamentally shaped Kant’s “Critical Philosophy” and through that most of later German philosophy. In the midth century, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten created the discipline of aesthetics, giving it a place as a separate philosophical study, and in so doing, afforded new criteria for critical judgment.

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This lucid translation finally makes Baumgarten’s seminal work available in Baumyarten. It is a very welcome addition to the primary sources available to scholars. Kant used it repeatedly in many of his courses and annotated it extensively.